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Gabon is committed to sustainable development and minimizing the country’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The National Climate Plan (Plan Climat) outlines Gabon’s climate-resilient, low emission, and green development strategy.

EC-LEDS and Gabon completed their activities in 2016. Through the EC-LEDS program, Gabon and the United States worked to further develop and implement Gabon’s low emission development strategy (LEDS). The partnership focused on improving coordination among the country's partners and stakeholders and establishing the foundational building blocks of the Gabonese LEDS: forest carbon measurement and monitoring, land-use planning, and energy efficiency analysis.

Environmental/Economic Data

Pie chart image entitled, "Gabon GDP by Sector (2015)," showing: Agriculture 5%, Industy 53%, and Services 43%.

Top Three GHG Emitting Sectors (2012)

  1. Energy
  2. Bunker fuels
  3. Waste

Source: World Resources Institute  

GDP Average Annual Growth Rate (%)

  • 10-year (2006-2015): 3.2% per year
  • 5-year (2011-2015): 5.2% per year

Source: World Bank

GHG Emission Growth (%)

  • 20-year (1993-2012): -11.1%
  • 5-year (2008-2012): 21.6%

Source: World Resources Institute  

Forested Area (% of total land area)

  • 2015: 89.3%

Source: World Bank

Renewable Energy Contribution to Electricity Generation (%)

EC-LEDS Activities

Accomplishments and Progress

National Land Use Plan Finalized. With support from EC-LEDS, the government of Gabon completed and approved its National Land Use Plan. EC-LEDS technical experts analyzed the environmental, social, and economic context of land use in Gabon; conducted a legal and spatial review of land uses across ten sectors; and supported a spatial database. The National Land Use Plan will facilitate more accurate monitoring of emissions related to land use and will encourage targeted mitigation actions to reduce deforestation in key sectors and areas. Improving land management helps reduce poverty in local communities, protects valuable natural resources, promotes clean air and water, and can improve production of important global commodities. – 2016

Identifying Energy Efficiency Opportunities. U.S. energy experts assisted Gabon’s Ministries of Budget and Energy in identifying energy efficiency and renewable energy opportunities for public sector buildings. Technical assistance included energy efficiency and in-depth energy auditing training, on-site assessment and modeling of specific public buildings, and impact analysis of proposed economic development and infrastructure projects. Results will be used to identify possible public sector energy efficiency demonstration projects and inform LEDS-related planning and actions. – 2015

Nationwide Forest Carbon Assessment Completed. U.S. and Gabonese forestry experts completed a nationwide forest carbon assessment to inform the design and implementation of a national forest measurement and monitoring system. U.S. assistance is focused on field forest measurement plots nationwide, soil carbon data collection and analytics, and remote sensing imagery analysis to quantify terrestrial carbon stocks. Measuring and monitoring forest carbon will help to track the impact of economic development activities on land use in Gabon and contribute to the development of a national land-use plan. – 2014 

Integrated National Land-Use Plan Prepared. An EC-LEDS program-sponsored technical advisor from the U.S. Forest Service worked with Gabon to coordinate inputs from key ministries and agencies regarding land allocations for logging, mining, agriculture, communities, and infrastructure. These inputs were incorporated into Gabon’s first nationwide land-use plan (LUP). Completion of the integrated LUP represents a critical step toward sustainable land-use management in Gabon. – 2013 

Additional Resources