Photo of land surrounded by the ocean

Like many island nations highly vulnerable to climate change, Jamaica is developing climate-resilient low emission development strategies (LEDS) that include both mitigation and adaptation actions. Jamaica’s 2013 Climate Change Policy Framework and Action Plan, which builds on the Vision 2030: National Development Plan, outlines the strategies for responding to the impacts and challenges of climate change across key economic sectors.

Through the EC-LEDS program, Jamaica and the U.S. government are taking an integrated approach to clean energy development with a mix of on-the-ground results and environmental policy reform to support Jamaica’s LEDS.

Environmental/Economic Data

Pie chart image entitled, "Jamaica GDP by Sector (2015)," showing: Agriculture 7%, Industry 21%, and Services 72%.

Top Three GHG Emitting Sectors (2012)

  • Energy
  • Land use
  • Agriculture

Source: World Resources Institute

GDP Average Annual Growth Rate (%)

  • 10-year (2006- 2015): 0.1% per year
  • 5-year (2011-2015): 0.7% per year

Source: World Bank


GHG Emission Growth (%)

  • 20-year (1993-2012): -10.0%
  • 5-year (2008-2012): -23.6%

Source: World Resources Institute


Forested Area (% of total land area)

2015: 30.9%

Source: World Bank

Renewable Energy Contribution to Electricity Generation (%)

EC-LEDS Activities

Accomplishments and Progress

Facilitating Solar Market Growth. EC-LEDS program energy experts are teaming with Jamaica’s Office of Utility Regulation (OUR) to implement policies that support growth in the country’s solar market. Building on the lessons of Jamaica’s Pilot Net-Billing Program, which resulted in 1.38 megawatts of installed solar capacity, the EC-LEDS program is leading peer exchange groups and helping OUR refine national net metering and interconnection policies based on best practices from around the world. – Ongoing

Developing Climate Sector Action Plans. The EC-LEDS program is teaming with Jamaica’s Ministry of Water, Land, Environment and Climate Change to develop Climate Sector Action Plans for the forestry, waste management, energy, transportation, and finance sectors that will support sector-specific climate-resilient policies and plans. – Ongoing

Strengthening Institutions. The EC-LEDS program is working with Jamaica’s Climate Change Division to facilitate coordination and education of the country’s network of 30 “Climate Focal Points,” representatives from Jamaican key ministries and agencies, on the technical, social, and economic aspects of climate change. - Ongoing

Additional Resources

Organizations and Programs


If you have any questions about Jamaica's activities through the EC-LEDS program, please contact us