A photo of a green grassy farmland with a wooden structure.

Thailand has taken a multi-pronged approach to sustainable low-carbon development. Its national-level Climate Change Master Plan 2012-2050 outlines key strategies to achieve national greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation and climate-resilient development goals without compromising quality of life and economic security.

Through the EC-LEDS program, Thailand and the United States are working together to establish robust frameworks for low emission development, implement sustainable land use practices, and advance clean energy deployment to achieve meaningful reductions in GHG emissions.

Environmental/Economic Data

EC-LEDS Activities

Accomplishments and Progress

Deploying Grid-Connected Solar. U.S. energy experts from Clean Power Asia are working with stakeholders from Thailand’s electricity sector (including policymakers, the electricity regulator, the transmission operator, and the distribution utilities) to understand barriers to safe, effective, and accelerated deployment of grid-connected rooftop solar photovoltaic (PV) deployment in Thailand. Next steps are to evaluate the benefits impacts of distributed PV on the Thai utilities, with the goal of disseminating lessons from Thailand to inform other countries in the Lower Mekong region as they consider distributed PV programs. - 2016

Financing Clean Energy Projects. Through the U.S. Private Finance Advisory Network for Asia (PFAN-Asia), public and private financing is being invested in the development of clean energy projects in Thailand and other Asian countries. Projects range from efficient street lighting to rooftop solar to large-scale wind. Increasing investment in clean energy will help Thailand curb air pollution, increase energy security, and open new markets for clean energy entrepreneurs. - 2016

Improving Energy Efficiency in the Hospitality Sector. EC-LEDS program energy experts are collaborating with provincial leaders to gather data, establish benchmarks, and assess the costs and benefits of reducing energy consumption in the hospitality sector. Implementing energy efficiency measures in hotels and restaurants, which contribute an estimated 5% - 9% to Thailand’s economy, could have a significant impact on reducing GHG emissions from this sector. – Ongoing

Payment for Ecosystem Services Model Developed. Conservation experts from the United States collaborated with the Thailand Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation to develop an innovative Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) mechanism that will support implementation of the Mae Sa-Kog Ma (MSKM) Man and Biosphere (MAB) Reserve management plan. The PES provides a transparent payment scheme for multi-stakeholders to ensure equality in benefit sharing from ecosystem services such as watershed regulation, aesthetic and recreation, and carbon sequestration to mitigate climate change, while improving the livelihoods of local communities. – 2015

National Emissions Registry Established. The EC-LEDS program worked with Thailand’s Greenhouse Gas Management Organization to develop a National GHG Emissions Registry. The registry will provide a data-supported foundation for implementing mitigation options such as voluntary emission trading. – 2014

Forest Value Assessed. Building on training provided by EC-LEDS program forestry experts, the full value of two of Thailand’s national parks was assessed using a Triple Bottom Line (TBL) multi-criteria analysis tool. TBL valuation accounts for the economic, social, and environmental benefits that protected natural resources provide to society. – 2013