The Philippines is committed to climate-resilient, low-carbon growth as articulated in the Climate Change Act of 2009, the National Climate Change Action Plan, and other key policies and legislation. The Philippines Climate Change Commission is the coordinating body for low emission development in the country and remains active in pursuing climate-friendly development.

Through the EC-LEDS program, the Philippines and U.S. government are working to better integrate low emission growth objectives into long-term planning, employ analytical tools to support decision-making, and track impacts of low emission programs in the energy and forestry sectors.

Environmental/Economic Data

Pie chart image entitled, "Philippines GDP by Sector (2015)," showing: Agriculture 10%, Industry 31%, and Services 59%.

Top Three GHG Emitting Sectors (2012)

  1. Energy
  2. Agriculture
  3. Industry

Source: World Resources Institute

GDP Average Annual Growth Rate (%)

  • 10-year (2006-2015): 5.4% per year
  • 5-year (2011-2015): 5.9% per year

Source: World Bank

GHG Emission Growth (%)

  • 20-year (1993-2012): 63.0%
  • 5-year (2008-2012): 9.6%

Source: World Resources Institute

Forested Area (% of total land area)

  • 2015: 27.0%

Source: World Bank

Renewable Energy Contribution to Electricity Generation (%)

EC-LEDS Activities

Accomplishments and Progress

Reducing Emissions from Forestry. U.S. and Philippine forestry experts are working together to reduce GHG emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, through implementation of the LAWIN Forest and Biodiversity Protection System, the national strategy for forest protection in the Philippines. The U.S. is also providing technical assistance to enhance the implementation of the national government’s programs related to reforestation, mangroves and beach forest development, and landscape restoration. The totality of these actions will reduce or sequester more than 1.5 million tons of CO2 equivalent. Improving land management helps reduce poverty in local communities, protects valuable natural resources, promotes clean air and water, and can improve production of important global commodities. - 2016

Attracting Investment in Clean Energy. Technical assistance from U.S. energy experts led to private investment of more than $110 million in solar photovoltaic and biomass power plants in the Philippines. Assistance included advisory support on applications for Feed-in-Tariffs, preparation of work and financial work programs, completing documentary requirements to apply for registration under the Board of Investments, and facilitating the engagement of a third party for the conduct of system impact study. Increasing investment in clean energy will help the Philippines curb air pollution, increase energy security, and open new markets for clean energy entrepreneurs. - 2016

Expanding Use of Analytical Tools for Low Emission Development Strategy (LEDS) Planning. The EC-LEDS program is working with the Philippine Climate Change Commission to develop a cost-benefit analysis of mitigation options across the economy. The analysis will estimate the cost, potential greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction/avoidance, and co-benefits of each option. Results from the analysis will be used to inform economy-wide low emission planning. – Ongoing

Improving Forest Management. Philippine and EC-LEDS program forestry experts trained local government and forest stakeholders on establishing forest management units for planning and implementing forest restoration activities near Mount Apo National Park in the southern Philippines. The training included community engagement processes and participatory models for forest management, which are critical to achieving sustainable development of forest resources. – Ongoing

Strengthening the Philippines’ National Inventory System. The EC-LEDS program worked with the Government of the Philippines to formalize institutional arrangements, build technical expertise, and implement sustainable GHG inventory management systems that support low emission growth. A robust national GHG inventory system facilitates tracking of GHG emissions from all key sectors. An improved inventory will enable the Philippines to accurately report its emissions, which helps show the progress that all countries are making to address climate change. – Ongoing

Facilitating Emissions Data Inputs Across Government Agencies: The United States is working with the Philippines to develop institutional systems that support low emissions growth. As a first step, the Philippines formalized an executive order that defines the institutional arrangements for a national GHG inventory system, enabling it to produce regular reports representing GHG emissions from all key sectors. - 2013

Expanding Use of Analytical Tools for LEDS Planning: U.S. energy experts trained Philippines’ energy analysts on the Long-Range Energy Alternatives Planning (LEAP) system model to identify and prioritize GHG mitigation options. The U.S. team also trained transport and fuels analysts on tools and databases to assess sustainable transport and fuel alternatives. These types of analysis are needed to evaluate and compare mitigation options, and inform low emission planning in the energy sector. - 2013

Improving Forest Management: U.S. forestry experts trained Philippine Forestry Management Bureau staff and REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) stakeholders on remote sensing for forest monitoring, national forest inventory design and implementation, and forest carbon monitoring. This knowledge provides the foundation to help advance effective management and monitoring of the country’s forest resources for carbon sequestration, biodiversity conservation, climate resilience, and economic growth. – 2012